Business and Finance

Why Aren’t Struggling Small Businesses Taking More PPP?


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Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their very own.


Millions of companies throughout the nation are struggling, but many usually are not taking the most recent model of presidency assist: a second spherical of  (PPP) loans. This is not taking place as a result of companies are higher off than they have been final yr; it’s as a result of the PPP nonetheless comprises structural blockers which can be stopping companies from acquiring the help they urgently want. 

A current survey by the Federal Reserve Bank discovered that 30% of U.S. — totaling 9 million — concern they won’t make it via 2021 with out extra authorities help. And but, many usually are not making use of for assist. The Small Business Administration (SBA) stories that seven weeks after spherical two of PPP started, practically half the funds stay, and solely 31% of 2020 PPP loans have been forgiven to date.

New knowledge sheds gentle on PPP obstacles

Gusto, which has greater than 100,000 small enterprise clients within the U.S., lately performed a research that analyzed the choices of enterprise homeowners. The knowledge uncovered two huge roadblocks to accessing assist: the 25% discount requirement, and gradual mortgage forgiveness for the primary spherical of PPP — notably for enterprise homeowners of coloration. 

Recent structural updates to the PPP have made it extra accessible to the smallest enterprise and people who have been beforehand disregarded. But two remaining modifications are wanted to make sure remaining {dollars} — about 64% of the $284 billion obtainable on this spherical of funding — is equitably dispersed. Congress, working with the SBA, should shortly tackle these points to meet the PPP’s promise of getting assist to the companies that want it most. 

Related: Has There Been $1 Billion in PPP Fraud?

Revenue discount necessities don’t account for rising enterprise prices

To be eligible for the brand new spherical of PPP, companies should present that their income dropped by 25% or extra throughout 2020, evaluating any quarter’s gross receipts to the identical quarter in 2019. This “25% rule” was applied to make sure that funds go solely to the companies that have been most adversely affected and most in want of assist from the pandemic.

Despite the great intentions of policymakers, the income discount rule blocks many companies from the essential reduction that they should proceed working. It fails to account for the extra prices of working a enterprise throughout Covid-19. Small companies have put in protecting obstacles and equipped staff with PPE, obtained permits to function outside, and acquired tools like warmth lamps and tents to accommodate clients outdoors in chilly climate. Many enterprise homeowners are additionally being pressured to spend considerably extra capital to make mandatory modifications to their provide chains and supply very important worker advantages. 


In 2019, Brett Robison and Christian Layke opened Silver Branch Brewing Company in Silver Spring, Maryland. Just weeks after their first anniversary, Covid-19 pressured them to shut their taproom.  Using PPP and EIDL loans, they shortly invested to deal with gross sales and self-distribution of canned beer to shops and developed supply and e- to take care of as a lot retail enterprise as potential. However, since canning beer is costlier than serving it on faucet, they continued to function within the crimson regardless of growing general gross sales. Their state of affairs was exacerbated by rising prices of aluminum for circumstances, which elevated by greater than 25% resulting from provide limitations. They would have utilized for a second PPP mortgage with a view to keep away from furloughing employees in the course of winter, however they don’t meet the income discount threshold.

Related: How to Obtain an SBA Coronavirus PPP Loan and Have It Forgiven

Gusto’s knowledge discovered that the income discount requirement prevented 44% of small companies from making use of for a second-draw PPP, together with 42% of companies in particularly hard-hit industries like retail, meals and beverage, tourism, and humanities and leisure. 

Congress should amend this eligibility requirement to acknowledge the upper working prices and new bills introduced on by the pandemic. Eligibility must be decided by modifications in internet income reasonably than gross income. For instance, if a enterprise noticed a 15% lower in income and a ten% improve in bills to function, they need to be eligible for assist. 

Loan forgiveness is a serious blocker, notably for small enterprise homeowners of coloration  

Many companies that obtained loans within the first spherical of PPP haven’t had them forgiven, making each banks and enterprise homeowners hesitant to pursue second-round loans. 

Gusto’s research discovered that 56% of small companies have but to obtain mortgage forgiveness for round-one PPP loans. Nearly one in 4 enterprise homeowners who haven’t utilized for round-two have enormous considerations relating to mortgage forgiveness. A high motive cited by small companies for not making use of for second-draw PPP is that they’ve but to obtain forgiveness on the primary PPP mortgage, and are involved about not receiving forgiveness for a second mortgage. Repaying each loans could be a major hardship for many of those companies, if not an impossibility for a lot of. 

The large variations in charges of forgiveness by race and ethnicity are prone to result in a a lot worse consequence for enterprise homeowners of coloration on second-draw PPP loans. Fifty-six % of white enterprise homeowners haven’t had their PPP mortgage forgiven, in comparison with 75% of Black or African American enterprise homeowners, 63% of Asian or Pacific Islander enterprise homeowners, and 54% of Hispanic or Latino enterprise homeowners.

Dan Luthi, Chief Operating Officer at Ignite Spot Accounting, works with many small enterprise homeowners who are reluctant to use for a second mortgage earlier than their first is forgiven. The accounting agency’s shoppers want assist instantly, however they’re cautious of taking new PPP loans due to the low ranges of mortgage forgiveness for the primary spherical of PPP and due to the numerous ambiguous rule modifications for eligibility. 

To alleviate this downside, monetary establishments should prioritize mortgage forgiveness along with processing new PPP mortgage functions—however banks are financially incentivized to increase new loans reasonably than forgive present ones. Some banks are additionally hesitant to lend to enterprise homeowners who haven’t obtained forgiveness for round-one PPP. 


Congress should act shortly to create new incentives for banks and lenders to approve mortgage forgiveness, and push lenders to approve forgiveness functions throughout the subsequent six weeks. Further, mortgage forgiveness should be expedited for enterprise homeowners of coloration. These steps will make it clear to enterprise homeowners and lenders alike that they will belief the forgiveness course of and received’t be left footing the invoice.

Small companies deserve fast removing of those roadblocks

U.S. small enterprise homeowners—and the practically 59 million individuals they make use of—want continued financial assist whereas the nation waits for widespread vaccination. While the accessibility of PPP funding has improved because the first spherical in 2020, roadblocks and inequities stay. It is vital that Congress and the SBA amend the income discount requirement and prioritize mortgage forgiveness. These modifications will go a good distance in getting assist to the small companies that want it most and making certain equal entry to PPP assist.

Related: 5 Strategies for Avoiding PPP Legal Blunders

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