The US House of Representatives has voted to question President Donald Trump for a second time over his alleged position in the 6 January lethal assault on the Capitol.
His impeachment for “incitement to insurrection” was accredited by 232 representatives together with 10 Republicans.
Democrats led the effort to cost Mr Trump with encouraging the riots.
But some Republicans had backed requires impeachment.
So, who are these key gamers, and what can we learn about them?
Jamie Raskin, lead impeachment supervisor for the Democrats
When the impeachment expenses go to the Senate for trial, the case for the prosecution shall be made by a crew of lawmakers, led by Mr Raskin, a Democratic consultant from Maryland since 2017 and a former professor of constitutional legislation.
The impeachment of Mr Trump represents the continuation of a particularly difficult begin to 2021 for Mr Raskin, 58.
The congressman’s 25-year-old son, Tommy Bloom Raskin, took his personal life on New Year’s Eve and was laid to relaxation in early January.
A day after the funeral, Mr Raskin discovered himself hunkering down with colleagues, shielding from a violent mob that rampaged by way of the Capitol the place lawmakers had been assembly to certify November’s presidential election outcome.
On the day of the assault, Mr Raskin helped to attract up an article of impeachment towards President Trump.
Speaking to the Washington Post, Mr Raskin mentioned his son, who was learning legislation at Harvard University, would have thought of final week’s violence “the absolute worst form of crime against democracy”.
“It really is Tommy Raskin, and his love and his values and his passion, that have kept me going,” Mr Raskin mentioned.
Madeleine Dean, Democratic impeachment supervisor
In whole, 9 Democrats, together with Mr Raskin, have been named as impeachment managers. One is Representative Madeleine Dean, from Pennsylvania, who’s one in every of three girls on the crew.
Ms Dean began her profession in legislation, opening her personal three-woman follow in Pennsylvania earlier than educating English at a college.
Having been energetic in state politics for many years, she was elected to the House in 2018, utilizing her seat to champion girls’s reproductive rights, gun legislation reform, and healthcare for all, amongst different points.
In an interview with MSNBC, Ms Dean, 68, mentioned she favoured a “speedy trial” in the Senate if Mr Trump was impeached.
“This isn’t about a party. This isn’t about politics. This is about protection of our constitution, of our rule of law,” Ms Dean mentioned.
Nancy Pelosi, Democratic Speaker of the House
As the Speaker of the House, Ms Pelosi has been in the highlight since the riots in the Capitol.
Ms Pelosi leads the Democrats in the decrease chamber of Congress, so the 80-year-old had an enormous affect over the determination to introduce an article of impeachment towards Mr Trump.
Ms Pelosi had the House proceed with impeachment after former Vice-President Mike Pence didn’t invoked constitutional powers to pressure out Mr Trump, who was then president.
Mr Pence mentioned at the time he believed such a transfer was towards the nation’s pursuits.
“This president is guilty of inciting insurrection. He has to pay a price for that,” Ms Pelosi mentioned.
Mitch McConnell, Republican Senate minority chief
Mr McConnell, a 78-year-old Republican senator for Kentucky, is one to observe in the Senate.
The higher chamber’s former majority chief stays the man at the helm of the higher chamber’s Republican caucus.
Dubbed the “Grim Reaper” by Democrats, Mr McConnell was a thorn in the aspect of former President Barack Obama, typically manoeuvring to frustrate his legislative agenda and judicial appointments.
He was additionally the driving pressure behind Mr Trump’s acquittal in his first impeachment trial in 2019.
In his previous few weeks as Senate chief, Mr McConnell additionally delayed Mr Trump’s trial till after the former president left workplace, saying there was no time for a “fair or serious trial” forward of Mr Biden’s inauguration.
Mr McConnell has not publicly commented on whether or not he helps convicting or acquitting Mr Trump, however he has despatched some blended messages.
Though he spent the final 4 years in the president’s nook, the minority chief mentioned the rioters had been “provoked by” Mr Trump and that he plans to listen to out either side in the trial.
But afterward in January, he additionally joined the majority of Republican senators to vote for a movement to toss out the impeachment case as unconstitutional now that Mr Trump is not in the White House.
Mr McConnell might not have the last say on all issues impeachment, however as Democrats want Republican assist to convict Mr Trump with the required two-thirds majority, he nonetheless has a key position to play in the upcoming proceedings.
David Schoen and Bruce Castor Jr, attorneys for Trump
With simply over every week to go earlier than the trial, Mr Trump parted methods together with his authorized crew, together with attorneys Butch Bowers and Deborah Barbier.
They had been rapidly changed by David Schoen, a trial lawyer, and Bruce Castor, a former district lawyer, who will lead the defence efforts for the former president.
In an announcement, each attorneys mentioned they did not imagine the push to question Mr Trump is constitutional.
Mr Castor added: “The strength of our Constitution is about to be tested like never before in our history.
“It is robust and resilient. A doc written for the ages, and it’ll conquer partisanship but once more, and all the time.”
Mr Schoen has previously represented Roger Stone, former adviser to Mr Trump. Stone received a presidential pardon in December.
The lawyer also made headlines in the past for meeting with Jeffrey Epstein in his final days to discuss possible representation, and for later saying he did not believe the death of the US financier and sex offender was suicide.
Mr Castor, a former Pennsylvania district attorney, is known for declining to prosecute Bill Cosby for sexual assault in 2005. The comedian was eventually convicted on three counts of sexual assault in a 2018 retrial of his case.
Liz Cheney, Republican House Representative for Wyoming
Ms Cheney, 54, is third-highest-ranking Republican leader in the House. As the daughter of former Republican Vice-President Dick Cheney, she has a high profile in the party.
So, her support for impeachment is particularly significant.
Mr Trump had “summoned this mob, assembled the mob, and lit the flame of this assault”, Ms Cheney mentioned of the Capitol riots.
“There has by no means been a higher betrayal by a president of the United States of his workplace and his oath to the Constitution,” the Wyoming consultant mentioned.
However, in a recent test of support for conviction on impeachment charges that Mr Trump incited his supporters to mount an insurrection at the US Capitol, 45 out of 50 Senate Republicans voted last week to consider stopping the trial before it even starts.
Ms Cheney survived a House Republican vote – 145-61 – to oust her from her leadership position after breaking ranks with other GOP lawmakers last month to impeach the former president.
She is also now facing a primary challenger for her Wyoming congressional seat after voting to impeach Mr Trump.
Ben Sasse, Republican Senator for Nebraska
Blocking Mr Trump from ever running for office again is one rationale that may motivate some Republicans to impeach the president.
That reasoning could be attractive to Republican senators like Mr Sasse, who is seen as a possible contender for the presidency in 2024.
Elected to the Senate in 2014, the 48-year-old has been an ardent critic of Mr Trump.
Mr Sasse was firmly opposed to a Republican effort – cheered on by Mr Trump – to overturn the certification of President-elect Joe Biden’s election victory in Congress.
On the question of impeachment, Mr Sasse said he would “positively think about no matter articles they could transfer” in the House.
A two-thirds majority would be needed to convict Mr Trump in the Senate, meaning at least 17 Republicans – including Mr Sasse – would have to vote for it.
Patrick Leahy, Democratic Senator for Vermont
In Mr Trump’s first impeachment trial in 2020, it was Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts who presided over the proceedings.
This time, he declined to participate, handing the job over to the 80-year-old Vermont Democrat, who will take the gavel in this second impeachment trial.
Mr Leahy was first elected to the Senate in 1974, and is the longest serving lawmaker in the upper chamber.
He will be presiding in his role as the Senate’s president pro tempore – a constitutional officer, responsible for presiding over the Senate in the absence of the vice-president.
In an announcement, he mentioned “the president professional tempore takes an extra particular oath to do neutral justice in line with the Constitution and the legal guidelines” when presiding over an impeachment trial.
“It is an oath that I take terribly significantly.”