Malaysia’s state of emergency a gamble by Muhyiddin, says his party. Will it pay off?

KUALA LUMPUR: As political gamers from all sides in Malaysia plan their subsequent strikes amid a state of emergency, Bersatu information chief Wan Saiful Wan Jan acknowledges that his get together’s chief, Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin, has taken a “huge gamble”.

While emergency rule may assist Mr Muhyiddin purchase extra time to consolidate his place as head of authorities, the query relating to whether or not it may backfire on him stays.

“Tan Sri Muhyiddin … left his previous party, Umno, to fight kleptocracy, to protest against corruption (and) wrongdoing, to champion integrity in the last election. Suddenly, he took this huge step that’s very risky for him,” says Mr Wan Saiful.

“In terms of his political reputation, it’s a big gamble. It definitely is. But I think by (him) doing this, we can see (his) real character … He’s not thinking about politics (or) himself … (but) about what’s best for the country.”

Bersatu information chief Wan Saiful Wan Jan in his office with visitors.

Mr Wan Saiful Wan Jan in his workplace.

The emergency decree issued on Jan 12 by the Malaysian king — on the recommendation of the PM — got here a day after the federal government introduced a second nationwide lockdown to assist curb the hovering quantity of coronavirus instances within the nation.

Since then, Malaysia’s combat towards COVID-19 has shifted into excessive gear. The quantity of each day instances has fallen from a file excessive of 5,728 on Jan 30 to 1,575 yesterday, the seventh straight day beneath the two,000 mark.

READ: After grappling with COVID-19 for more than a year, is Malaysia finally turning the corner?

Last week, Kuala Lumpur and the final three states in lockdown exited the motion management order (MCO). All states are actually on a conditional MCO or in restoration mode.

So would possibly the prospect of containing the pandemic, and of an financial rebound going ahead, be sufficient for Mr Muhyiddin to stave off the challenges from his political opponents?

The programme Insight explores whether or not his gamble seems more likely to pay off, or not.


Every week after the emergency declaration, the federal government unveiled its fifth stimulus bundle, value RM15 billion (S$4.9 billion), to shelter individuals and companies from the total affect of the pandemic and the lockdown.

This could have a optimistic financial affect and contains money handouts to assist susceptible teams, although economists really feel that it is not going to be sustained the longer the pandemic continues.

“It’s going to be very short-term, but it’s necessary,” says Dr Sulochana Nair, the vice-chancellor of the Binary University of Management and Entrepreneurship.

Business proprietor Brian Gomez, nevertheless, says the stimulus bundle has failed to handle the monetary issues confronted by many companies like his. He is co-founder of Merdekarya, a bar and reside music venue in Petaling Jaya, Selangor.

Brian Gomez and his wife Melani Delikan founded Merdekarya, a bar and music venue in Petaling Jaya.

Brian Gomez with his spouse Melani Delikan at their music institution.

“I don’t think the latest package is anywhere close to being enough,” he says. “Just on our row, I think that three lots have shut down … I’m pretty sure many businesses are going to go under.”

Back in November, the Finance Ministry forecast that the economic system will develop between 6.5 and seven.5 per cent this yr.

But simply over a fortnight in the past, Moody’s Analytics marked Malaysia’s outlook for this yr as “at risk” of slower development owing to MCO 2.0.

And the stimulus bundle offers solely “temporary relief”, factors out Adib Zalkapli, Malaysia director at consulting agency BowerGroupAsia.

“Government assistance can’t be a long-term solution. So there must be a proper action plan, especially post-lockdown, post-pandemic, post-emergency … clear economic recovery plans that can help those who are badly affected.”

Mr Adib Zalkapli is the Malaysia director at consulting firm BowerGroupAsia.

Mr Adib Zalkapli.

The concern is that the federal government may not “act fast and fix this problem as soon as possible”, says Mr Ibrahim Suffian, co-founder and programmes director of the Merdeka Centre for Opinion Research.

This yr was imagined to be a yr of development and restoration … With a excessive quantity of instances, that doesn’t look so promising.


Finance Minister Zafrul Abdul Aziz, nevertheless, maintains that the gross home product development figures are inside attain, although MCO 2.0 makes for a “challenging” journey.

“We’ve shown even previously, in the year 2020, when there’s a need to add more fiscal injection into the economy, we’d do it. But I think we have to do it at the right time,” he says.

“When we announced Budget 2021 (in November), the amount was around 322.5 billion ringgit, which is the largest Budget we’ve ever announced. It doesn’t mean that we can’t adjust the Budget to prioritise the areas that we want to prioritise.”

Last yr, Malaysia’s economic system shrank by 5.6 per cent, its greatest contraction because the 1998 Asian Financial Crisis.

Malaysia’s economy shrank by 5.6 per cent in 2020, its worst result since the Asian Financial Crisis

But as with many different international locations, progress in vaccination rollouts — which started in Malaysia on Feb 24 — has now raised expectations on the financial entrance.

READ: Malaysia to buy more Pfizer-BioNTech doses, eyes China’s single-dose vaccine

MCO 2.0 can also be “very different” from final yr’s lockdown, notes Mr Zafrul. About 90 per cent of financial exercise this time was allowed to proceed following strict normal working procedures.

This resulted in an output loss of RM300 million per day in contrast with RM2.4 billion per day through the first MCO.

“We have many reasons to believe that the worst is behind us. I’m certain that Malaysia will emerge stronger by the end of the year,” he informed Bernama this week.

This can also be the explanation for the emergency ordinance, he tells Insight.

“The emergency declaration is really focused on our fight against COVID-19,” he says. “We want to allow the nation to continue and … we want to secure the economic recovery path.”

Malaysian Finance Minister Zafrul Abdul Aziz speaks to the CNA programme, Insight.

Mr Zafrul Abdul Aziz.


Two months on, what the state of emergency has successfully completed is to additionally hold a lid on a political riot towards Mr Muhyiddin’s one-year management.

The suspension of Parliament has made it unattainable for his political opponents to push via a movement of no-confidence towards him.

Every week earlier than the emergency decree, the United Malays National Organisation (Umno) was threatening to tug out of his Perikatan Nasional coalition authorities — a plan of kinds to power a snap election.

Now, with the state of emergency scheduled to final till Aug 1, the get together is simply biding its time, based on Umno Supreme Council member Tajuddin Abdul Rahman.

“Once it’s lifted, what’s going to happen? We’re back to normal life, and there’s Parliament sitting,” he says. “Then we have to call for a vote: Who has the majority? Who has the command of the House?”

When the emergency was decreed, PM Muhyiddin Yassin was said to have only 109 MPs backing him.

When the emergency was decreed, Mr Muhyiddin was mentioned to have solely 109 MPs backing him.

Party members like him and Johor Umno deputy chief Nur Jazlan Mohamed allude to the truth that Umno is Malaysia’s largest political get together and thus shouldn’t play second fiddle to Bersatu.

“This government is prone to failure,” says Mr Nur Jazlan.

“Umno is worried that in the longer term, if we’re tied up with this government — which is unstable, which doesn’t have the majority at the moment — we also might lose (public) support.”

According to a survey by think-tank Emir Research, carried out on the finish of final yr, solely 35 per cent of respondents noticed Mr Muhyiddin’s authorities as viable, down from 43 per cent in August.

In a survey at the end of 2020, 35 per cent of respondents saw Mr Muhyiddin’s government as viable.

The findings got here as Mr Muhyiddin’s authorities confronted rising criticism for its pandemic response.

And nevertheless the pandemic or the economic system goes from right here, the politics appear unlikely to alter.

“We deserve to lead the (coalition) government because we have more … Members of Parliament,” says Mr Tajuddin. “Umno isn’t part of Perikatan Nasional, politically. Umno has made a stand … We’re not going to be with Bersatu in the next election.”


In the identical nationwide survey, nearly half of the respondents expressed uncertainty over the economic system, the longer term and the federal government’s capacity to steer. This was even earlier than lockdown fatigue set in amongst Malaysians following MCO 2.0 and the emergency proclamation.

While there is no such thing as a curfew, Mr Nur Jazlan feels that suspending Parliament may have penalties within the normal election. “Usually, governments that use emergency (powers) will face a backlash from the voters,” he says.

A police checkpoint during the recent movement control order in Malaysia.

A police checkpoint through the current motion management order.

Mr Muhyiddin’s political opponents have repeatedly argued that the state of emergency is however an try to strengthen his grip on energy.

But the priority that he might use his wide-ranging powers for political functions seems to be unfounded, no less than for now. Apart from further powers to fight the pandemic, the emergency declaration has not modified the established order essentially.

“There are some measures to try and mitigate this concern,” notes Mr Ibrahim.

“There’s an end date … there hasn’t been a usurpation of power by members of the ruling coalition in states that are controlled by the Opposition, (and) third, there hasn’t been any real curtailment of freedom to express oneself.”

Ibrahim Suffian, co-founder and programmes director of research firm Merdeka Centre, speaks to CNA.

Mr Ibrahim Suffian.

To make sure, Mr Wan Saiful is aware of “the people will punish us” for any wrongdoing or abuse of energy throughout this era.

“I’m sure Tan Sri Muhyiddin will be very cautious,” he says. “He promised to have an election as soon as possible after (the emergency ends). So I’m sure he doesn’t want to lose the election.”

Without Umno’s help, it is unclear how Mr Muhyiddin can nonetheless acquire sufficient to type the following authorities.

But Mr Wan Saiful sees a stronger Perikatan Nasional as the answer to Malaysia’s political instability as a result of “it’s very risky for any political party today to claim that they have the right to be the most dominant”.

WATCH: The full episode — Saving the nation or determined transfer? Muhyiddin’s political gamble with state of emergency (47:35)

“That era has ended,” he says. “Do (parties) want to prioritise themselves and let the public see how selfish that decision is, or … make some sacrifices like what Bersatu is doing now?

“Take some risk and say that ‘we’re willing to share’, so that we can work and govern … in a peaceful and harmonious way.”

He feels that in the long run, Mr Muhyiddin’s gamble on a state of emergency will pay off, and “all the criticisms will start to subside because people will realise that this is being done for the good of the nation”.

Watch this episode of Insight here. The programme airs on Thursdays at 9pm.


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