JAKARTA: The Indonesian authorities is paying shut consideration to a number of provinces that have reported a big improve in COVID-19 cases lately, together with Riau Islands and North Kalimantan the place there has been extra imported cases from Malaysia, mentioned Health Minister Budi Gunadi Sadikin.
In an unique interview with CNA on Wednesday (Jun 2), the minister mentioned that the federal government isn’t solely monitoring the COVID-19 confirmed every day cases nationally, but additionally the rise in cases on the provincial and even metropolis stage.
Mr Sadikin defined that all 34 provinces are categorised into 4 ranges, with stage 1 being the most secure and stage 4 displaying the very best ranges of transmission.
The ranges are decided by World Health Organization (WHO) pointers that 50 confirmed cases every day per 100,000 individuals can be thought-about stage 4, he claimed.
“So we monitor which provinces are literally at stage 4, which we don’t have. But we’ve got provinces at stage 3. And three (of those) provinces usually are not large provinces, they’re Riau, Riau Islands and Bangka Belitung Islands.
“Riau Islands is excessive as a result of that is the place we obtain plenty of migrant Indonesian employees coming from Malaysia. In Kalimantan, the province that we’ve got to care for is North Kalimantan.”
Although the province adjoining to the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak is at the moment categorised as stage two, the federal government’s knowledge reveals that lots of the cases are imported, he mentioned.
“They are coming from abroad … We know that our position is actually better than our neighbours. But of course, we have to strengthen the (enforcement of) quarantine on (travellers from) the neighbouring countries and especially if it is by land or by sea.”
The minister added: “If it is by air, it is easier to control. But if it is by land and by sea, then we have a lot of entry points. And many people are coming back or being pushed back to Indonesia. We realised that is the source of transmission, international travel.”
Indonesia at the moment imposes a five-day quarantine for individuals arriving from overseas and won’t change it in the meanwhile, he mentioned, including that that is in step with the rule given by the WHO.
But authorities have taken precautionary measures by lengthening the quarantine time to 14 days for travellers from India, Pakistan and the Philippines.
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SPIKE IN CASES AFTER IDUL FITRI EXPECTED TO PEAK BY END JUNE
The authorities can be taking precautions and anticipating a rise in COVID-19 cases following final month’s Idul Fitri holidays.
Even although it has banned the annual exodus of individuals to their hometowns for Idul Fitri, there have been nonetheless many who had been believed to have contravened the restrictions.
Since earlier holidays led to a big spike of greater than 60 per cent, Mr Sadikin famous, the federal government is getting ready for the spike this time by including up to 72,000 isolation beds, about 20,000 of which had been already occupied earlier than the vacation.
There are additionally at the moment 7,500 ICU beds, of which round 2,000 had been occupied earlier than Idul Fitri.
The minister mentioned the federal government has additionally ready the well being employees who’ve been vaccinated, in contrast to through the earlier Christmas and New Year holidays, because the vaccination programme solely kicked off in January. Medicines have additionally been stocked up.
“So far, we identified there is an increase around 20 per cent (bed occupancy) until now from Idul Fitri. And we will see this increase until the end of this month. But as long as it’s under the capacity of our health system, it should be okay.”
Based on earlier holidays, particularly Christmas and New Year, the variety of COVID-19 cases will proceed to climb 5 to seven weeks after the holiday interval, mentioned the well being minister.
Back then, the every day cases climbed to round 13,000 new every day cases whereas breaking a document of 14,518 new infections on the finish of January.
Although unable to say whether or not an analogous state of affairs will materialise once more this time, the well being minister famous that the present determine for brand spanking new every day cases is round 5,000.
“A few days ago, it reached 6,000 cases per day. But it is still below the 13,000 although it doesn’t mean we are not careful,” he said.
“We are really, really careful. That’s why we monitor it on a day-to-day basis, especially after what we’ve seen in our neighbouring country. They got hit pretty badly. So being careful and more anticipative is the best way to move forward.”
He said that there have been several areas where cases are increasing. In these instances, the government has opted to impose smaller scale lockdowns. “So there would be no major country or province level lockdown. But we will do it in a controlled manner.”
Indonesia has but to impose a strict national-level lockdown. The authorities initially opted for large-scale social restrictions (PSBB) on the provincial and metropolis stage.
PSBB curbs had been later relaxed and the community-level public exercise restrictions enforcement (PPKM) was launched. The latter is at the moment enforced in all provinces till no less than Jun 14.
As of Thursday, Indonesia has reported greater than 1.8 million COVID-19 cases and greater than 50,000 deaths.
CONTAINING VARIANTS OF CONCERN, RAMPING UP VACCINATION
Variants of concern together with these outlined because the Alpha, Beta and Delta have been recognized in Indonesia, mentioned Mr Sadikin. These variants first originated from the United Kingdom, South Africa and India respectively.
He added that there have been 35 cases with a historical past of abroad journey, whereas 19 individuals didn’t have any journey historical past.
When requested if a hybrid pressure that was first detected in Vietnam has been discovered in Indonesia, the minister mentioned: “We stick to scientific data. So we only monitor the variants of concern that were determined by the WHO.”
“If it is only isolated in that area, it is not spreading very fast, WHO will not count this as a variant of interest, or a variant of concern.”
To ensure that these variants of concern will not spread throughout the archipelago, the government is focused on ensuring that people follow health protocols, while ramping up vaccination, he said.
However, the speed of vaccination depends on the number of doses at Indonesia’s disposal, said Mr Sadikin who prior to his appointment in late December last year was the deputy minister of state-owned enterprises.
As of Thursday, about 17 million individuals have obtained their first jabs, and about 10.9 million individuals have obtained their second jabs.
Indonesia is focusing on to inoculate 181.5 million individuals of its 270 million inhabitants by early subsequent yr.
Mr Sadikin mentioned the federal government is making an attempt to hit 600,000 to 650,000 vaccinations per day this month, from 500,000 in May.
However, this relies on the supply of vaccines. So far, Indonesia has secured 91.9 million doses. They are largely Sinovac adopted by AstraZeneca and Sinopharm.
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Mr Sadikin mentioned that the lack of vaccines globally is worrying.
“Everybody is scrambling, trying to get more vaccines. While some countries have already secured vaccines for two or three times, even four times of their population, others don’t have access to vaccines.
“If you have more doses of vaccines, my plea to other big countries: Donate them to other countries which don’t have access. It is ethically right and scientifically right too.”