Relationship

Finding the Right Approach to Therapy with Same-Sex Partners


Choosing which idea to make the most of when working with {couples} not solely wants to mirror the persona and competence of the clinician, however it additionally wants to be of worth and serve the wants of the consumer. They deserve to know their clinician vetted the idea. They need to belief that the chosen interventions mirror the stressors, societal expectations, and inner pressures skilled of their lives.

The hottest theories of {couples} remedy had been developed with opposite-sex companions who hoped to keep away from divorce. Because a big portion of the purchasers I see establish as being lesbian or homosexual, I used to be conscious these purchasers didn’t have the proper to marry, or subsequently divorce, till the Supreme Court listening to of Obergefell v Hodges in 2015 (Obergefell V. Hodges, 2019). Thus, a clinician who works with homosexual and lesbian {couples} should be sure the theories that they ask their purchasers to incorporate into their relationship are applicable for the objectives and presenting points that always differ from heterosexual {couples}.

Differences in same-sex {couples} remedy

In my seek for the proper idea for my same-sex purchasers, my first aim was to think about whether or not the components driving {couples} to remedy had been the similar for each same-sex and opposite-sex companions. Research confirmed that each same-sex and heterosexual {couples} share widespread objectives of needing higher communication, wanting shared values, needing to navigate private variations to make them complementary, and needing to really feel supported and dedicated to their companions (Riggle et al., 2016).

However, competent {couples} therapists ought to concentrate on the widespread variations in regard to the points that get layered into the relationship experiences due to their sexual identification. Because of the method society has traditionally handled gays and lesbians, same-sex companions could also be extra susceptible to relationship misery. They face the challenges of dealing with developmental levels of acceptance round their gender identification, societal discrimination, and worries of concealing relationships from family and friends (Macapagal, Greene, Rivera, & Mustanski, 2015). Additionally, points generally occurring in homosexual and lesbian relationships come up round problems with dedication levels, norms relating to monogamy, and differing ranges of HIV dangers that aren’t typically current for heterosexual {couples} (Macapagel et al., 2015).

Emotional intimacy is a aim for all {couples} no matter gender orientation. However, internalized disgrace and guilt on account of sexual orientation concealment tends to negatively impression many same-sex companions of their consolation degree of expressing emotional intimacy (Guschlbauer, Smith, DeStefano, & Soltis, 2019). For too many same-sex companions, the pressure of residing with uncertainty and inconsistent messages about societal acceptance about their proper to marry has taken a toll each socially and psychologically. These messages from society have typically led to confusion amongst homosexual and lesbian companions and struggles with whether or not to embrace the typical symbols of heteronormative dedication (Holley, 2017).

The Gottman Method and dealing with same-sex {couples}

The Gottman Method identifies itself as a multidimensional therapeutic method to working with {couples} counseling that strikes companions from battle to comfy exchanges by enhancing primary social abilities. The technique additionally units out to develop an consciousness of the interpersonal pitfalls related with the relationship behaviors of criticism, contempt, defensiveness, and stonewalling. Some of the objectives of the Gottman Method are to change these recognized adverse behaviors, that are proven to undermine relationships, with extra civil methods of expressing disapproval, constructing a tradition of appreciation, acceptance, mutual duty for issues, and self-soothing (Lopez, Pedrotti, & Snyder, 2019).

An uncontrolled examine by The Gottman Institute revealed in 2017 collected and measured relationship satisfaction at 5 separate time factors utilizing the Gottman Method of Couples Therapy with homosexual and lesbian {couples}. The knowledge confirmed important enchancment following 11 periods of remedy for each homosexual male and lesbian feminine {couples}. The examine suggests the Gottman Method was extremely efficient for same-sex {couples}. Gay and lesbian {couples} improved greater than twice as a lot as most heterosexual {couples} did in almost half as many periods as was typical for heterosexual {couples} utilizing the Gottman Method (Garanzini et al., 2017).

Some of the causes had been based mostly on the perception that same-sex {couples} typically perform higher than heterosexual {couples} due to smaller gender-role and inequality. For same-sex {couples}, they’re typically socialized equally regarding gender roles and should share extra comparable communication types than opposite-sex {couples}.  Variables reminiscent of the distribution of family chores, division of funds, a way of play, equality of help, and communication play a extra vital function in relationships of same-sex companions than heterosexual relationships (Garanzini et al., 2017).

The examine additionally instructed that, whereas the points occurring for same-sex companions weren’t essentially simpler to handle than these of their reverse counterparts, the Gottman Method platform created a method for {couples} to focus on their distinctive preferences for equality in the relationship (Garanzini et al., 2017). Use of the Gottman Method interventions provided same-sex {couples} methods to enhance their relationships in the themes that had been recognized as contributing to relationship longevity and taught methods of speaking antidotes to criticism and defensiveness that could possibly be utilized to their distinctive relationship challenges. Same-sex {couples} additionally reported that on account of the new communication strategies taught in the Gottman Method, they skilled help in constructing their friendship connection and had been in a position to rekindle sexual sparks of their relationships. (Garanzini et al., 2017).

Takeaways and advisable analysis 

The problem offered to all clinicians who work with {couples} is to put aside their very own assumptions or judgments about what’s finest for his or her purchasers and meet them the place they’re at in attaining their desired relationship objectives. Some of the roadblocks {couples} therapists encounter working with similar sex-partners might require clinicians to consider if the “tried-and-true” theories they’ve been utilizing with their opposite-sex companions is legitimate for all of the populations they serve.

Ideally, analysis wants to deal with whether it is warranted to develop separate {couples} theories that deal with the distinctive wants of homosexual versus lesbian companions. Much of the analysis that’s presently out there appears to clump same-sex companions collectively as one class. The concept that “one size fits all” doesn’t apply to same-sex companions. Clients have gender variations, life experiences, and the communication sample types hooked up to being male or feminine. This creates a necessity to be addressed individually. 


Are you presently in search of a Certified Gottman Couples Therapist to use research-based approaches to assist your relationship? The Gottman Institute is in search of {couples} to take part in a world consequence examine on Gottman Method Couples Therapy. Learn more here.


References:

Garanzini, S., Yee, A., Gottman, J., Gottman, J., Cole, C., Preciado, M., & Jasculca, C. (2017). Results of Gottman technique {couples} remedy with homosexual and lesbian {couples}. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 43(4), 674-684. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/jmft.12276

Guschlbauer, A., Smith, N. G., DeStefano, J., & Soltis, D. E. (2019). Minority stress and emotional intimacy amongst people in lesbian and homosexual {couples}: Implications for relationship satisfaction and well being. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 36(3), 855-878. doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407517746787

Holley, S. R. (2017). Perspectives on modern lesbian relationships. Journal of Lesbian Studies, 21(1), 1-6. doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/10894160.2016.1150733

Lopez, S. J., Pedrotti, J. T., & Snyder, C. R. (2019). Positive psychology (Fourth ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Macapagal, Ok., Greene, G. J., Rivera, Z., & Mustanski, B. (2015). “The best is always yet to come”: Relationship levels and processes amongst younger LGBT {couples}. Journal of Family Psychology, 29(3), 309-320. doi:https://doi.org/10.1037/fam0000094

Obergefell V. Hodges. (2019). Oyez. Retrieved from https://www.oyez.org/cases/2014/14-556Riggle, E. D. B., Rothblum, E. D., Rostosky, S. S., Clark, J. B., & Balsam, Ok. F. (2016). “The secret of our success”: Long-term same-sex {couples}’ perceptions of their relationship longevity. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 12(4), 319-334. doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/1550428X.2015.1095668

Source Link – www.gottman.com

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