Derek Chauvin trial: George Floyd’s girlfriend Courteney Ross testifies

Judea is pictured second from the right in a green shirt in video from Floyd's fatal confrontation with police that was shown in court

Below is a recap of all of the witnesses who’ve testified for the prosecution at Derek Chauvin’s trial as of noon Thursday, so as of look. 

911 dispatcher Jenna Scurry 

The prosecution’s first witness on Monday, March 29, was Jenna Scurry, a 911 dispatcher who watched stay video of police kneeling on Floyd and testified that she referred to as the officers’ supervisor with issues about their use of pressure.  

It was Scurry who despatched officers to the Cup Foods at thirty eighth and Chicago Avenue on May 25, 2020, after receiving a name a few man utilizing a counterfeit invoice. 

Scurry advised how she had seen surveillance footage of the incident from one of many metropolis’s pole mounted cameras and been struck by a ‘intestine intuition’ that ‘one thing wasn’t proper’. 

The video, which had not beforehand been launched publicly, confirmed Chauvin and fellow officers Lane and Keung perched atop Floyd subsequent to a squad automotive whereas officer Thao appeared on. 

Scurry famous that she wasn’t watching the stream all the time as a result of she was fielding different calls. But she mentioned that as she glanced away and again once more, she was struck that the officers hadn’t moved and requested a colleague if the display screen had frozen. 

‘I first requested if the screens had frozen as a result of it hadn’t modified. I believed one thing may be improper,’ she mentioned. 

‘It was an prolonged time frame. I can not inform you the precise interval and so they hadn’t advised me in the event that they wanted any extra assets however I turned involved that one thing may be improper.’ 

She mentioned that she hadn’t wished to be a ‘snitch’ however she acknowledged what seemed to be use of pressure and acknowledged: ‘I took that intuition and I referred to as the sergeant.’

Assistant Attorney General Matthew Frank performed audio from the decision, through which Scurry mentioned: ‘I do not know if they’d to make use of pressure or not. They received one thing out of the again of the squad and all of them sat on this man. So I do not know in the event that they wanted to or not however they have not mentioned something to me but.’ 

‘You can name me a snitch if you wish to,’ she added.

She mentioned she made the decision to ‘voice my issues’ and famous that she had by no means made one prefer it to a police sergeant earlier than.    

Cross inspecting Scurry, Chauvin’s legal professional Eric Nelson was at pains to underscore gaps in what she noticed and the details that she had no police coaching, little data of what the calls to which she despatched officers really appeared like and identified that her consideration was not skilled on the display screen always.

Bystander Alisha Oyler 

Jurors had been proven but extra beforehand unseen video footage on Monday afternoon – this time within the type of a collection of mobile phone recordings made by Alisha Oyler, a cashier on the Speedway fuel station reverse Cup Foods who was the state’s second witness. 

‘Trying to not cuss’ and continuously failing to recall occasions Oyler defined that she had first observed police ‘messing with somebody’ exterior the Dragon Wok restaurant reverse Cup Foods. 

She mentioned she had watched officers handcuff Floyd and take him throughout to the now notorious web site of squad automotive 320 in entrance of the shop’s entrance and continued to file occasions on her mobile phone as she stepped out to have a cigarette.

She mentioned she had accomplished so as a result of the police had been ‘at all times messing with folks and it isn’t proper’.

MMA fighter and bystander Donald Williams

Donald Winn Williams II, a combined martial arts fighter and the prosecution’s third witness who had yelled at Chauvin to test for a pulse and accused him of inserting Floyd in what he referred to as a ‘kill choke’, testified first on Monday earlier than persevering with on Tuesday. 

Williams turned emotional as he spoke about how he referred to as 911 after Floyd was positioned in an ambulance as a result of:  ‘I believed I had simply witnessed a homicide. I felt the necessity to name the police on the police.’

He started to cry as jurors had been performed audio of the decision, through which he named officer 987 and mentioned: ‘He simply just about killed this man. He wasn’t resisting arrest. He had his knee on his neck. He wasn’t resisting arrest or nothing, he was handcuffed.’ 

Williams mentioned he witnessed Chauvin ‘shimmying’, or adjusting his place on Floyd’s neck, in a acknowledged martial artwork maneuver designed to double-down on and tighten a choke maintain.

He advised how he watched Chauvin squeeze the life out of Floyd, who he mentioned was in ‘large ache’ and ‘light away like a fish in a bag’ 

He mentioned that when he referred to as Chauvin out for utilizing a blood choke the officer appeared him straight within the eye and didn’t cease.  

Williams additionally advised how Officer Tou Thao put his palms on his chest and pushed him again to the curb when he tried to intervene.  

According to Williams the group that had gathered was not threatening the officers and his calls to test for a pulse had been echoed by an off obligation hearth fighter whose pleas to the officers additionally went unheard. 

At the tip of his 911 name Williams was heard shouting at Thao: ‘Y’all murderers man, y’all murderers.’   

On cross-examination, Chauvin’s legal professional Eric Nelson tried to undercut William’s presentation of himself as a managed {and professional} observer of occasions who remained schooled by his coaching and expertise in sports activities and safety.

Nelson seemed to be making an attempt to impress Williams right into a show of anger as he repeatedly tried to discredit his claims to having remained calm.

‘You began calling [Chauvin] names did not you?’ Nelson requested. ‘You referred to as him, “a tough guy.” You referred to as him “such a man,” “bogus.” You referred to as him a “bum” 13 occasions. You referred to as him a “bitch.”‘

But whereas Williams agreed to all of those assertions he wouldn’t be persuaded to comply with Nelson’s characterization of him as ‘offended’ or threatening.

Asked if he had advised Officer Tou Thao that he hoped he would shoot himself he mentioned: ‘No..I mentioned you’ll shoot your self in two years due to what you probably did.’ 

Bystander Darnella Frazier, 18 

Darnella Frazier, who was 17 years outdated when she recorded essentially the most well-known viral video of Floyd’s arrest final spring, took the stand on Tuesday and advised how she felt helpless as she watched him lose consciousness. 

‘There’s been nights I’ve stayed up apologizing to George Floyd for not doing extra and never bodily interacting, not saving his life,’ Darnella, now 18, mentioned. 

‘But it isn’t what I ought to have accomplished –  it is what he [Chauvin] ought to have accomplished.’

Darnella – who was not proven on digicam in court docket due to her age – asserted that Chauvin pressed his knee into Floyd’s neck even tougher because the rising crowd begged him to cease – and that he did not take away his knee even when paramedics had been trying to find a pulse. 

Under questioning by trial legal professional Jerry Blackwell, Darnella mentioned: ‘I heard George Floyd saying: “I can’t breathe, please get off of me.” He cried for his mother and he was in ache. 

‘It appeared like he knew it was over for him. He was terrified, he was struggling. This was a cry for assist.’ 

When an ambulance lastly arrived, Darnella claimed that paramedics treating Floyd needed to inform Chauvin to take away his knee from the unconscious man’s neck.

‘The ambulance individual needed to really inform him to carry up. He checked his pulse first whereas Chauvin’s knee nonetheless remained on Floyd’s neck,’ she mentioned. ‘The paramedic did a “get up” movement, principally telling him to take away his knee.’  

Darnella mentioned that she felt ‘threatened’ by each Chauvin and Thao who she mentioned ‘had been fast to place their palms on their mace’ when a girl who recognized herself as a firefighter requested Chauvin to test for a pulse and he or she and Darnella made to maneuver in the direction of Floyd the place he lay.

‘Officer Thao and Chauvin, he put his hand on his mace, they put their palms on their mace. I can not keep in mind if they really pointed it at us,’ Darnella mentioned.

Asked if, at any level, Chauvin had ‘received up or let up’ she mentioned: ‘If something he really was kneeling tougher. It appeared like he was shoving his knee in his neck.’ 

At the shut of her testimony Darnella broke down as she advised jurors how witnessing and filming Floyd’s dying affected her life.

‘When I have a look at George Floyd I have a look at my dad, I look my brothers, I have a look at my cousins, my uncles as a result of they’re all black,’ she mentioned. ‘I’ve a black father, black brother, black buddies and I have a look at that and I feel how that would have been them.’ 

Bystander Judea, 9 

Nine-year-old witness Judea, took the witness stand on Tuesday and described how she and her cousin Darnella, who testified earlier, had gone to Cup Foods for snacks on May 25, 2020, once they discovered Floyd pinned to the bottom by Chauvin and two different law enforcement officials. 

The lady, who was not proven on digicam as a result of her age, gave gut-wrenching testimony about how Chauvin refused to take away his knee from Floyd’s neck even after paramedics arrived and ‘requested him properly to get off of him’. 

‘He [Chauvin] nonetheless stayed on him [Floyd],’ Judea mentioned. She mentioned the medics finally ‘simply needed to put him off, get him off of him.’

Gently questioned by trial legal professional Jerry Blackwell about how she felt as she noticed these occasions, Judea mentioned: ‘I used to be unhappy and sort of mad. If felt like he was stopping his respiration and sort of hurting him.’ 

Judea is pictured second from the right in a green shirt in video from Floyd's fatal confrontation with police that was shown in court

Judea is pictured second from the suitable in a inexperienced shirt in video from Floyd’s deadly confrontation with police that was proven in court docket

Bystander Alyssa, 18

The prosecution’s fourth witness on Tuesday was an 18-year-old named Alyssa, who advised prosecutor Erin Eldridge how she had walked in the direction of the incident and began recording on her pal’s mobile phone as a result of she too simply knew that ‘one thing was improper’. 

After describing what she noticed of Floyd, Alyssa needed to cease and get well her composure earlier than she may proceed with the clearly distressing testimony. ‘It’s tough [to talk about] as a result of I felt like there wasn’t something I may do…and I felt like I used to be failing him, failing to do something,’ she mentioned by means of tears. 

As with Darnella and her little cousin who testified this morning, Alyssa mentioned that Chauvin didn’t transfer his knee even on the arrival of paramedics and actually she noticed him put extra weight on Floyd’s neck because the minutes ticked by.

‘He [Chauvin] did not actually take his eyes off him [Floyd] for essentially the most half. At one level I noticed him put an increasing number of weight onto him. I noticed his again foot carry off the bottom and his palms go in his pocket.’

Seeming to echo the motion that an earlier witness, Donald Williams, had described as a ‘shimmy’, she mentioned: ‘I noticed him transfer his knee down extra, make little actions.’

The prosecution performed the video recorded by Alyssa that day, exhibiting but once more the horror of the occasion and the small group of onlookers yelling for Floyd’s pulse to be checked and painted by the protection as an offended mob.

Alyssa may very well be heard in clear misery shouting: ‘He’s not shifting. Check his pulse. Tell me his pulse proper now. It’s been over a minute [since he moved].’

Recalling that day she mentioned merely: ‘I knew that point was working out. He was going to die.’

Finally she mentioned, there got here some extent when ‘I sort of knew that he was lifeless and never respiration, not combating, not resisting.’

In a quick cross examination Alyssa admitted that she had advised investigating officers that she had seen the opposite officers (Lane or Keung) checking Floyd’s handcuffed wrist for a pulse ‘a number of occasions’. But she added: ‘Afterwards I advised them it appeared like they didn’t discover one.’ 

Bystander Kaylynn, 17 

Alyssa’s pal, 17-year-old Kaylynn, was the final minor to testify on Tuesday. Her recollections aligned with these of earlier witnesses.

She mentioned that it was the law enforcement officials who had been ‘hostile’ not the group recalling how Chauvin was ‘digging his knee into George Floyd’s neck’ and ‘grabbed his mace and began shaking it at us’ when onlookers shouted at him to test for a pulse.

‘I used to be scared as a result of I didn’t know what was going to occur,’ she mentioned. Asked straight what she was fearful of, she replied: ‘I used to be fearful of Chauvin.’

Chauvin’s legal professional Eric Nelson didn’t cross look at the ultimate teen

Off-duty firefighter Genevieve Hansen

Off-duty Minneapolis firefighter and paramedic Genevieve Hansen, 27, brought about a stir within the courtroom on Tuesday when she was admonished by Judge Cahill for repeatedly interrupting and speaking again to Chauvin’s legal professional Eric Nelson throughout cross examination. 

Hansen had wiped away tears as she recalled how she had recognized herself as a primary responder and begged to assist Floyd when she believed he was dying exterior the Cup Foods retailer in Minneapolis on May 25, 2020. 

But quickly after her demeanor modified as she was questioned by Nelson, who requested if she would describe bystanders on the scene of Floyd’s arrest as upset or offended. 

Hansen replied: ‘I do not know should you’ve seen anyone be killed, but it surely’s upsetting.’ 

At this level Judge Cahill stepped in and cautioned Hansen for being argumentative, telling her to ‘simply reply his questions’. 

Minutes later Cahill despatched the jury out for the day earlier than turning to an more and more combative Hansen and telling her in no unsure phrases: ‘You is not going to argue with the court docket, you’ll not argue with counsel.’    

Under questioning by Assistant Attorney General Matthew Frank on Tuesday, Hansen had defined how her determined pleas to be allowed to supply Floyd with life-saving medical help had been ignored by the officers who pinned him down and blocked by officer Thao.

‘I attempted calm and reasoning, I pleaded and was determined. I used to be determined to assist,’ Hansen mentioned. 

Her calls fell on deaf ears as Chauvin remained unmoved and Officer Thao advised her to stay on the curb, at one level saying: ‘If you actually are a Minneapolis firefighter you’d know higher than to get entangled.’ 

In court docket Hansen mentioned: ‘That’s precisely what I ought to have accomplished. There was no medical help on the scene and I may have given [it].’  

‘The officers had been leaning over his physique with what seemed to be nearly all of their weight on him,’ she mentioned. ‘He wasn’t shifting, he was cuffed and three grown males placing all their weight on someone – that is an excessive amount of. 

‘Chauvin appeared very comfy with nearly all of his weight balanced on prime of Mr Floyd’s neck. In my reminiscence he had his hand in his pocket. He wasn’t distributing the load on the automotive, on the pavement.’

Hansen, who’s a professional EMT with state and nationwide licenses, mentioned that she had assessed that Floyd had a ‘altered degree of consciousness,’ that involved her significantly.

She mentioned that his face was ‘smooshed’ into the pavement and mentioned: ‘I used to be actually involved. I believed his face appeared puffy and swollen which might occur should you had been placing a grown man’s weight [on him].

‘I observed some fluid coming from what appeared like George Floyd’s physique and loads of time we see a affected person launch their bladder once they die – that is the place my thoughts went. He was restrained however he wasn’t shifting.’

Hansen mentioned she acknowledged that Floyd was unconscious as a result of he was not responding to the ‘painful stimulae’ of Chauvin’s knee on his neck. 

‘What I wanted to know was whether or not or not he had a pulse anymore,’ she mentioned. But she mentioned she was not permitted entry to the scene and the officers ignored her affords to speak them by means of CPR.

She mentioned she felt ‘helpless.’ ‘There’s a person being killed,’ she mentioned, ‘and had I had entry I’d have [helped]. This human was denied that proper.’

Before she took the stand jury noticed video she had recorded on the scene and heard audio of the 911 name she positioned instantly after.

Her voice trembling with shock and emotion she may very well be heard telling the operator: ‘I actually simply watched law enforcement officials not take a pulse and to not do something to avoid wasting a person and I’m a primary responder myself and I actually have it on video.’ 

In an uncomfortable cross-examination, Hansen turned visibly annoyed with Nelson’s line of questioning and refused to be drawn into an admission that she can be distracted from her job if a threatening crowd had been gathered telling her she was ‘doing it improper’.

Time after time Nelson tried to get an admission out of her till she mentioned: ‘I feel a burning construction the place there are buildings and houses and other people residing on both aspect is far more regarding than 20 folks.

‘I’ll repeat myself, I do know my job, I’m assured in doing my job and there is nothing anyone can do to disturb me.’ 

As Nelson’s cross examination continued, Hansen turned much less and fewer tolerant of his questioning. When he requested if she had grown offended, she mentioned she had been ‘determined’ earlier than admitting: ‘I received fairly offended after Mr Floyd was loaded into the ambulance and there was no level in making an attempt to motive with them anymore as a result of they’d simply killed someone.’ 

In stark distinction to the excessive emotion of Tuesday, questions had been temporary and subdued when Hansen returned to the stand on Wednesday morning.

Asked by Nelson if she had supplied ID on the scene of George Floyd’s dying, Hansen mentioned no earlier than confirming to Frank that her evaluation had been that the dying man required, ‘fast medical consideration.’ 

Cup Foods worker Christopher Martin 

Cup Foods clerk Christopher Martin, who was engaged on May 25, 2020, took the stand on Wednesday to testify about how his coworker referred to as the cops on Floyd as a result of he believed he used a counterfeit $20 invoice. 

Looking again, Martin mentioned he wished he’d by no means raised alarm in regards to the invoice as a result of he believes Floyd would possibly nonetheless be alive if he hadn’t, telling the court docket: ‘This may have been prevented.’ 

During Martin’s testimony the prosecution performed never-before-seen surveillance video of Floyd inside the shop utilizing the faux invoice to buy cigarettes.  

Martin advised the court docket that he turned suspicious of the invoice as a result of it had an uncommon ‘blue pigment so I assumed it was faux’. 

‘The coverage was should you took a counterfeit invoice you needed to pay for it out of your pay-check,’ Martin defined. ‘I took it in any case and was planning to simply put it on my tab – till I second guessed myself and finally advised my supervisor.’ 

The supervisor then instructed Martin to go exterior and produce Floyd again, he mentioned. When Floyd refused, a co-worker referred to as police. One of the responding officers was Chauvin. 

Questioned by Assistant Attorney General Matthew Frank, Martin mentioned that the 2 issues he observed about Floyd had been his ‘measurement’ and he seemed to be ‘excessive’. 

However he mentioned that he didn’t discover Floyd’s demeanor to be threatening, saying: ‘He appeared very pleasant, approachable, talkative, he appeared simply to be having a median Memorial Day residing his life. But he did appear excessive.’  

Martin then narrated a second video exhibiting him talking with Floyd and his acquaintances in a automotive parked exterior Cup Foods. He mentioned he took two journeys out to the car, bringing co-workers with him the second time. 

‘I notified them that they wanted to return again into the shop and the invoice was faux and my boss wished to speak to them,’ Martin mentioned.

He recalled Floyd sitting within the driver seat ‘sort of shaking his head, placing his palms on his head. Like: “Why is this happening?” sort of factor.’

Floyd repeatedly refused to return again into the shop, at which level Martin mentioned his supervisor instructed a co-worker to name the police. 

He mentioned officers arrived and spoke to the supervisor whereas Martin went again to manning the money register.   

As the shop emptied, Martin turned conscious of a commotion on the entrance of Cup Foods and went exterior, the place he noticed Floyd pinned to the bottom.  

‘I noticed folks yelling and screaming I noticed Derek [Chauvin] along with his knee on George’s neck on the bottom,’ he mentioned.

‘George was immobile, limp and Chauvin appeared very…he was in a resting state, that means like he simply rested his knee on his neck.’

Martin, who lived above the shop, mentioned: ‘I pulled my cellphone out first and referred to as my mother and advised her to not come downstairs. Then I began recording.

‘Later on that night time I deleted it as a result of once they picked George up off the bottom the ambulance went straight down thirty eighth and the quickest strategy to get to the hospital is straight down Chicago Avenue.’

Martin mentioned he assumed from this that Floyd was already lifeless and deleted his recording as he did not need to have to indicate it to anyone or reply questions on it within the aftermath.

Asked how he had felt as he absorbed what he had simply witnessed, Martin mentioned ‘disbelief and guilt’.

Martin, who had earlier advised jurors that he had virtually not reported the faux invoice and solely accomplished so after second-guessing himself, mentioned: ‘If I’d have simply not taken the invoice this might have been prevented.’

Asked if he nonetheless labored at Cup Foods, Martin’s voice cracked as he mentioned: ‘No. I did not really feel secure.’

Bystander Christopher Belfrey, 45 

Christopher Belfrey testified on Wednesday about video he recorded when he drove previous Cup Foods and say officers Lane and Keung approaching Floyd in his automotive.   

Belfrey, 45, mentioned that he began recording when parked straight behind Floyd’s SUV as a result of he was ‘startled’ to see Lane draw his handgun.

He defined that he pulled to the opposite aspect of the road, not eager to ‘get within the center’ of no matter was occurring and continued recording.

The court docket watched the footage through which Floyd may be seen, apparently cuffed and compliant, seated in opposition to a wall having been faraway from his car.

According to Belfrey, Lane and Keung then walked Floyd throughout to their squad automotive and put him in it.

Belfrey mentioned that he had merely gone house at that time as a result of ‘I believed he was detained. I believed it was over.’

Bystander Charles McMillian, 61 

Charles McMillian, who was the primary individual to confront police about their therapy of Floyd on the day of his deadly arrest, broke down in tears because the prosecution performed footage of cops wrestling with the handcuffed black man.  

McMillian, 61, mentioned he was driving by the Cup Foods comfort retailer in Minneapolis on May 25, 2020, when he observed officers scuffling with Floyd and pulled over just because he was ‘being nosy’. 

Footage from Lane’s physique digicam, which was being launched for the primary time by the court docket however had already obtained by final yr, McMillian was heard calling out as cops grappled with Floyd of their squad automotive. 

McMillian mentioned he ‘tried to make the scenario straightforward,’ by telling Floyd: ‘You cannot win.’  

Floyd may very well be heard telling McMillian: ‘I’m not making an attempt to win. Don’t do me like that, I’m claustrophobic.’ 

As he described how Floyd started to cry out for his mom minutes later whereas pinned to the bottom by the officers, McMillian wept as he revealed that he understood how Floyd felt after shedding his personal mother. 

‘I could not assist however really feel helpless. I haven’t got a mama both, however I perceive him. My mother died June twenty fifth,’ the witness mentioned by means of tears.  

He revealed that he had expertise of being handcuffed himself and as Floyd turned extra agitated, having been apparently calm as he was walked in the direction of officers Lane and Keung’s squad automotive, McMillian mentioned he tried to assist.

The court docket performed footage of the occasions as McMillian described them. One clip of McMillian on the sidewalk was spliced with physique digicam footage of Floyd within the squad automotive.  

‘I’m watching, you realize, Mr Floyd,’ McMillian mentioned. ‘He collapsed onto the again seat and I’m making an attempt to get him to know if you make a mistake, as soon as they get you in cuffs you bought to attend there.

‘Once they get you in cuffs you possibly can’t win.’  

McMillian then described how he continued to attempt to assist Floyd after officers Lane, Keung and Chauvin had pinned him to the bottom.  

‘[Floyd] stored saying: “I can’t breathe. Mama they’re killing me, they’re killing me.’ He started saying: “My physique’s shutting down.”‘

McMillian remembered hearing an officer talking about fetching a ‘hog-tie’ but did not recall ever seeing them use such a restraint.

As more of the video was played McMillian’s voice could be heard urging Floyd: ‘Get up and get into the car. Get up and get into the car man.’

Floyd responded: ‘I can’t.’

Later McMillian could be heard telling Chauvin: ‘Your knee on his neck, that’s wrong man.’

Of his own part in the scene, McMillian said: ‘I was trying to help him. He appeared to be in and out [of consciousness], with foam around his mouth. I said: “Man he mentioned he cannot breathe,” and they said: “Well if he retains speaking he can breathe.”‘

As the state’s questioning came to a close, jurors heard Chauvin speak for the first time.

The officer’s voice was caught on officer Thao’s bodycam as he justified his actions in a brief exchange with McMillian.

When McMillian told Chauvin: ‘I don’t respect what you did,’ the officer replied: ‘Well that’s one person’s opinion. We got to control this guy because he’s a sizeable guy and looks like he’s probably on something.’

In a strange twist McMillian had also told the court how he had met and interacted with Chauvin just five days earlier. He said he had pulled alongside his squad car and said: ‘At the end of the day you go home to your family safe and the next person they go home to their family safe.’

Chauvin’s attorney Eric Nelson did not cross-examine the witness. 

Minneapolis Police Lt Jeff Rugel 

The prosecution called Lt Jeff Rugel, who runs the Minneapolis Police Department’s Business Technology Unit, to the stand on Wednesday afternoon to authenticate officers’ body camera footage and other video evidence from the scene.  

Brief footage from Chauvin’s camera was played, revealing his perspective as he approached Floyd for the first time.

Chauvin was seen with his hands around Floyd’s neck as he and Officer Thomas Lane struggled with to get him into a squad car. 

After a chaotic, blurred portion of footage, Chauvin’s camera fell to the tarmac and there was no more footage from his perspective.

In footage recorded by Lane’s body camera, Chauvin’s camera could be seen lying beneath the squad car.  It’s unclear exactly how the camera came to be on the ground during the confrontation.  

Rugel told the jury how that Minneapolis police policy demands that officers wear their cameras at all times and to activate them during any activity or public interaction. 

The prosecution went onto show the distressing body-camera footage from both Keung and Officer Tou Thao’s body-worn cameras.

Asked if Chauvin also wore a body camera and if, based on his experience and expertise, that was ‘the box on the floor [beneath squad car 320]’, Rugel said: ‘Yes.’

The court then saw previously unseen footage from Chauvin’s body camera as he and Thao sped toward Cup Foods in their squad car.

The footage was paused as Chauvin’s hand reached toward the camera.

Judge Peter Cahill excused the jury for the day after each segment of body camera footage had been viewed and entered into evidence. 

Rugel remained on the stand to answer technical questions from Chauvin’s attorney Eric Nelson regarding the length and editing of the footage, as well as Minneapolis police policy regarding their usage. 

George Floyd’s girlfriend Courteney Ross

Courteney Ross broke down in tears within minutes of taking the stand on Thursday as she described how she and Floyd first met in 2017  at the Salvation Army’s Harbor Light Center, a shelter where he was working as a security guard and she was visiting her son’s father. 

The married mother-of-two said she was touched when Floyd asked to pray with her because she was going through a hard time in her own life – and they kissed in the lobby that same day. 

Ross – who wore a gold necklace with her late boyfriend’s name – began crying even harder when Frank pulled up a photo of Floyd. 

Then she laughed as she called the photo a ‘dad selfie’, before telling how hard it was for Floyd to be so far away from his two daughters, who lived in Texas. 

She described the man who had called out for his mother in his dying moments as ‘a mama’s boy’ who was ‘devastated’ and ‘broken’ by her death in May 2018. 

‘He seemed like a shell of himself like he was broken, he seemed so sad,’ she said. ‘He didn’t have the same kind of bounce that he had.’  

Ross was then asked to tackle head on the issue of drug abuse with which, she admitted, both she and Floyd struggled. 

She said that they were both addicted to opioids having been prescribed them for chronic pain – including oxycodone, which he took in pill form, obtaining it through other people’s prescriptions to make sure the pills were safe. 

‘Both Floyd and I, our story — it’s a classic story of how many people get addicted to opioids. We both suffered from chronic pain. Mine was in my neck and his was in his back. 

‘We both have prescriptions. But after prescriptions that were filled, and we got addicted, and tried really hard to break that addiction many times.’ 

Though he tried to get clean, she said it was something that he struggled with ‘every day’.

In March 2020, she said, she noticed ‘behavioral changes’ that made her suspect that Floyd was using again, or more, and that she too fell into heavier use at that time.  

On cross examination by Chauvin’s attorney Eric Nelson, Ross revealed that that she and Floyd both purchased opioids from Morries Lester Hall, a friend who was in the passenger seat of Floyd’s car on the day he died.  

The friend, Morries Lester Hall, a key witness for the state, filed a shock notice on Wednesday stating that he plans to invoke the Fifth Amendment against self-incrimination, meaning that he will not testify.  

Jurors heard that Hall sold controlled substances to both her and Floyd and that she ‘did not like Morries at all’. 

Ross told the court how, in March 2020, just two months before Floyd’s death, he purchased pills that she did not recognize as the opioids to which both she and Floyd were addicted.

She said the pills, which she believes landed Floyd in the hospital due to an accidental overdose, appeared ‘thick’ and were not uniform, and that when she took them they did not have the same effect as opioids.

‘The pill seemed like it was a really strong stimulant. I couldn’t sleep all night. I felt very jittery,’ Hall said. 

Ross also revealed that Floyd had been hospitalized twice in March – on one occasion due to a drug overdose that saw him hospitalized for five days.

Clearly trying to draw a parallel between the symptoms of which Floyd complained the day he died and the earlier known overdose, Nelson asked if Ross noticed ‘foam coming from his mouth…a dry white substance’, when she took Floyd to hospital in March.

She said ‘yes’ and that he had complained of his stomach hurting and was ‘doubled-over in pain’.

According to Ross, on one occasion when she took pills believed to be bought from Hall she ‘felt like she was going to die.’

Paramedic Seth Bravinder

Seth Bravinder, a Hennepin County paramedic, testified on Thursday as jurors were shown showing new images of EMTs attempting to resuscitate Floyd after he was loaded into an ambulance and driven from the scene at Cup Foods.

The prosecution presented graphic video and stills of Floyd being placed on a stretcher from video footage recorded by the body camera of officer Thomas Lane, who rode with Floyd to the hospital on May 25, 2020. 

In the images Bravinder was seen gesturing to Chauvin to remove his knee from Floyd’s neck, after checking for a pulse, so they could move his limp body onto a stretcher.

Bravinder said he wanted to get Floyd into the ambulance as soon as possible because he was concerned that he didn’t have a heartbeat.  

‘On top of that there was also a crowd of people who were yelling and in my mind we had to get away from that because running a cardiac arrest takes lot of mental power, can be taxing and we want to do that in the optimum environment …to be in a controlled space,’ he added. 

The footage continued as Lane accompanied Floyd to Hennepin County Medical Center, showing paramedics cutting Floyd’s shirt and prepare to put in an IV line as they began attempts to resuscitate.

Bravinder said he stopped the ambulance and went into the back to assist his partner when Floyd’s cardiac monitor was showing ‘asystole’ – the medical term for ‘flat-lined’.  

‘It’s not a good sign,’ Bravinder said. ‘Basically just because your heart isn’t doing anything at that moment. There’s not — it’s not pumping blood. So it’s not — it’s not a good sign for a good outcome.’

Floyd was shown strapped into a Lucas device – a mechanical method of delivering chest compressions – after he had flat-lined as medics desperately tried to restore a heartbeat and ventilate him by placing an airway device in his mouth.  

According to Bravinder, despite all efforts which included drilling a drip into bone in Floyd’s leg – a common technique in cardiac arrest when medics struggle to get Intra Vascular (IV) access – Floyd never regained a pulse during his treatment of him.

At one point, he said, Floyd showed ‘pulseless electrical activity’ when his heart monitor picked up flickers of electrical rhythms but these were never strong enough to establish a pulse.

When prosecutor Erin Eldridge asked if it was important to start resuscitation efforts as soon as a pulse was lost, Bravinder said: ‘Yes, as soon as possible.’

He had earlier told how he could not find a pulse on arrival at the scene where bystanders had yelled at officers to check for a pulse and off duty fire-fighter Genevieve Hansen had begged to be allowed to intervene and carry out CPR.

‘The longer a patient goes without receiving resuscitation the less likely it is that resuscitation will be successful,’ Bravinder said.

Cross-examined by Chauvin’s attorney Eric Nelson, Bravinder confirmed that he had personally been called out to emergencies involving drug overdoses and that police were called to such cases as a matter of course.

Nelson asked: ‘Is that because sometimes when people are treated for an overdose and they come round they become aggressive and violent?’

Bravinder responded: ‘Yes.’


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