Some cats require extra effort and time, each bodily and mentally, to take care of than others due to their various wants.
Persians are inclined to a bunch of well being points, from kidney and coronary heart circumstances to others equivalent to brachycephalic airway syndrome.
“Because of their short, flatter face, Persian cats struggle to breathe properly. Many get short of breath quickly and suffer from inflammation and swelling in their airways,” explains the People’s Dispensary for Sick Animals (PDSA), the U.Okay. veterinary charity.
They are additionally very inclined to ringworm in addition to feline infectious peritonitis, which may be deadly. “Persian cats are more likely to develop this than non-pedigree cats,” PDSA says.
The lengthy, flowing coats of Persians require an indoor, protected setting. “Proper maintenance requires a daily run-through with a metal comb” to forestall tangles, in accordance to The Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA), the registry of pedigreed cats.
Similar in construct to Persians, unique cats are additionally inclined to brachycephalic airway syndrome. Exotics are additionally inclined to polycystic kidney illness.
“Cats that have been bred with extremely short, flat faces (called brachycephalic) undergo substantial and significant changes to the shape of the whole skull and the associated structures,” International Cat Care explains.
“There will be jaw deformities, which can lead to dental disease and potential problems with eating and drinking; there are usually small nostrils and a soft palate which is too long, which can lead to severe breathing problems.
“The flat nature of face additionally will increase the possibilities of eye illness, and the jaw abnormalities will make grooming rather more troublesome,” it adds.
As flat-faced cats, Himalayans are also prone to brachycephalic airway syndrome, which can cause severe breathing problems.
“The flat nature of the face additionally will increase the possibilities of eye illness, and the jaw abnormalities will make grooming rather more troublesome,” International Cat Care says.
“The tear ducts can not observe their pure path and drain correctly into the nostril, so the eyes run consistently and trigger tear-staining on the face and generally secondary sores,” it adds.
Himalayan cats may also have a predisposition for hip dysplasia, which is an abnormality of the hip joints causing lameness in the hind legs.
Siamese cats are an “agile and athletic breed that require stimulation or a lot of toys to keep them occupied,” in accordance to The International Cat Association (TICA).
Adult Siamese cats want to be fed a minimum of twice a day however kittens want extra frequent feeding, a minimum of three or 4 occasions per day, as they burn off energy extra shortly, TICA says.
Siamese are additionally inclined to a number of well being issues together with bronchial asthma, mediastinal lymphoma (a kind of most cancers inflicting fluid to accumulate across the lungs) and systemic amyloidosis, which might lead to liver or kidney failure, in accordance to the PDSA.
These deceivingly delicate cats have a excessive metabolism and “hearty appetites,” with a better day by day calorie consumption then the common coated cat, in accordance to TICA.
“Being so food driven, it is important to always keep an eye on their weight, but keep in mind this breed is not a dainty or delicate one,” it provides.
They have “abundant energy and are mischievous” and since they lack hair that may usually soak up physique oils, the sphynx breed additionally requires common bathing in addition to ear and nail cleansing, CFA advises.
Progressive retinal atrophy (a degenerative illness inflicting blindness) and pyruvate kinase deficiency (a genetic blood dysfunction) are among the many well being points which have been recognized within the breed, in accordance to the U.Okay.’s Governing Council of the Cat Fancy.
Considered a “powerhouse,” house owners mustn’t “mistake this small breed for being meek…they are always looking for places to explore and things to do. They are not couch potatoes and thrive from high interaction,” TICA describes.
Also thriving on consideration and affection, “The Balinese is a vocal cat that enjoys talking with his family. They demand a lot of attention and get into mischief so should not be left alone for long periods of time,” TICA warns.
Balinese are additionally inclined to progressive retinal atrophy, bronchial asthma, mediastinal lymphoma in addition to systemic amyloidosis.
The U.Okay. breed is inclined to a number of delivery defects, together with urinary tract and digestive issues, that always develop earlier than a kitten reaches 4 months of age. They are additionally inclined to corneal dystrophy (a cloudiness of the eyes), which might develop from when they’re four-months-old, PDSA says.
Manx cats are recognized for his or her brief tails, which causes backbone and nerve points. “This results in a form of spina bifida–a developmental abnormality of the spine that can result in problems with control of urination and defecation, and sometimes also with control of the back legs (causing partial paralysis),” International Cat Care explains.
American bobtails have shortened tails, which might have well being implications. “There is always a strong worry that the lack of or shortened tail is caused by an inherited deformity of the end of the spine–similar to the Manx cat,” International Cat Care says.
“There are various different breeds with short tails (stumpy tails), which may be caused by different genetic mutations.
“The faulty gene liable for the loss of the tail additionally impacts different components of the backbone and should trigger extreme spinal and/or neurological issues,” the charity adds.
Japanese bobtails come with the same health implications as the American bobtail breed due to their shortened tails.
These highly energetic and interactive cats are very people-oriented and may be not the easiest breed for owners who may want to read, watch television or write emails on their own, according to CFA.
“Masters of the pounce, these cats love to play tag with their cat associates…they’re naturals at feline agility. They love to soar hurdles and leap by way of hoops and are speedy and proficient at this sport. They have been recognized to run the course in lower than 10 seconds,” CFA says.
The LaPerm breed is understood for his or her wiry, wavy coat and should require enhanced skincare as a result of of it.
International Cat Care explains: “Cats with a ‘rex’ or wire coat have hairs which are crimped, hooked or bent. This crimping usually also affects the whiskers. Often the hair is fragile and breaks easily, even with gentle brushing. There are various different breeds with such hair (probably caused by different genetic mutations), which may be very sparse in some cases.”
The oil wanted to keep wholesome pores and skin is unfold alongside the shaft of hairs in cats with regular coats. But when there’s a lack of hair, equivalent to with the LaPerm breed, “the oil collects on the skin and can make it feel greasy, mark furniture or collect in nail beds,” the charity says.
Due to additionally having a thick wiry coat, the selkirk rex breed could require extra skincare upkeep.
“The skin may be sensitive and itchy and it may be prone to yeast infections. Cats may need regular bathing and the coat and skin need special care. Ears too may be prone to waxy deposits and require regular cleaning. Cats with paler coat colours may require sunblock on the ears in the summer months,” International Cat Care says.
Cornish rex cats additionally include the identical pores and skin well being dangers because the LaPerm and selkirk rex breeds.
This extremely social, vigorous breed loves consideration and “can be demanding at times,” TICA says. “They do not like to be alone for long periods so it is a good idea for them to have a companion if the family works long hours.”
They are additionally inclined to develop polycystic kidney illness in addition to progressive retinal atrophy, PDSA advises. Their ears and toes have a tendency to get greasy, which requires frequent cleansing.
In addition to the pores and skin well being implications that include wire coat cats, CFA warns: “A person must be prepared to be owned by a Devon. A Devon will eat with you, sleep with you, and perch cozily on your shoulder while you are on the computer or reading. They will follow you around the house, sit at your feet, or jump on your lap the minute you sit down.
“The social nature of the Devon makes them unsuited to spending lengthy intervals of time with out companionship,” it says.
They are also known to be food hounds and are not picky about what they eat. So owners should be prepared to “guard your dinner plate from the quick and artful Devon in the home. They by no means flip down a meal and could be completely satisfied to help you with yours,” CFA adds.
Devon rexes are also susceptible to hip dysplasia and patella luxation (a condition where the kneecap moves out of its normal location, which may require surgery to correct).
“Cats with hip dysplasia and patella luxation are extra possible to develop osteoarthritis,” according to the PDSA.
The Tonkinese breed will also be “stubborn in their quest to get their own way,” in accordance TICA.
Tonkinese are inclined to gingivitis and may also change into overweight. They ought to solely be fed an applicable balanced weight-reduction plan mixed with train.
These playful cats want not to be ignored or left alone. “Two Tonkinese will keep each other company and also lessen the amount of mischief that just one bored Tonk can get into,” CFA says.
This very athletic, alert and really lively breed is “intensely curious with all that surrounds them,” TICA says, so they’re positively not lap cats.
They are additionally inclined to a number of well being issues together with pyruvate kinase deficiency, progressive retinal atrophy, patella luxation and renal amyloidosis (a illness the place an amyloid substance accumulates within the kidney and presumably different organs), in accordance to TICA.
Maine coons have a excessive prevalence of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (a coronary heart situation) in addition to hip dysplasia. Patellar luxation, pyruvate kinase deficiency in addition to spinal muscular atrophy have additionally been recognized within the breed, in accordance to International Cat Care, the U.Okay.-based charity.
As they’re a long-haired breed, Maine coons shed fairly a bit and require frequent grooming. TICA says: “Some have cottony, high maintenance coats that need daily combing and regular grooming…regular combing for all coat textures should be started from a kitten age and continued throughout their lives.”
Burmese are the most typical cat breed to develop diabetes, in accordance to PDSA. The illness may cause weak point, blindness, extreme urge for food and thirst and should require day by day insulin injections to management it.
Burmese cats are additionally inclined to hypokalaemic polymyopathy, a situation of “low blood potassium which can cause skeletal muscle weakness, episodic in nature,” PDSA says.
Some Burmese could carry the “Burmese head defect” gene that causes “meningoencephalocele and craniofacial deformity in Burmese cats,” International Cat Care advises.
“The gene responsible is important in normal facial development. It appears that cats with one copy of the mutated gene may have some evidence of brachycephalia, but if two copies of the defective gene are present the full syndrome can develop with duplication of the upper jaw and incomplete formation of the skull. The defect is incompatible with life,” the charity notes.
International Cat Care says: “Some young Birman cats show evidence of impaired kidney function on blood tests–the significance is not certain but some may go on to develop kidney disease.
“Recently, an autosomal recessive inherited congenital syndrome of hypotrichosis (lack of hair) and brief life-span (kittens usually dying by 8 months of age) has been recognized as a deletion of the FOXN1 gene within the breed,” while polycystic kidney disease has also been reported among birmans, the charity notes.
Scottish folds are recognized for his or her distinctive small spherical ears, that are folded ahead. “Folds are said not to be an active breed, and this may be because of pain involved in movement,” due to this genetic mutation, International Cat Care says.
“The genetic defect that causes abnormality of the ear cartilage also causes severe abnormalities of the cartilage of bones–there will be defective bone development and severe bone and cartilage abnormalities in all cats with folded ears.
“This is named osteochondrodysplasia–a common time period for a dysfunction of the event of bone and cartilage. These bone and cartilage abnormalities lead to extreme and painful arthritis,” it explains.
American curl cats are additionally recognized for the distinctive form of their ears, which curl backwards. Some breeders have commented that “these cats that the ears are fragile and may be easily damaged when handled and there is anecdotal mention of narrowed ear canals,” in accordance to International Cat Care.
“Folded or curled ears can also make it difficult for the cat to clean its ears, so owners may need to remove any wax or dirt accumulation from the ear to help prevent discomfort and infection,” it provides.
A susceptibility to progressive retinal atrophy has been recognized within the breed.
The Korat breed is understood to endure from “gangliosidosis, an inherited enzyme deficiency that affects the nervous system causing paralysis,” in accordance to International Cat Care.
TICA provides: “Korats need your companionship and do not like to be left alone for long periods or ignored when you are home. If they are ignored, they are likely to become withdrawn.”
Progressive retinal atrophy and flat chested kitten syndrome (a flattening of the rib cage) have additionally been seen in Oriental shorthairs.
“Kittens with flat chests have a thoracic deformity that begins cranially around the forelimbs, and is characterised by sharp angulation at the costo-chondral junction causing marked dorso-ventral (top to bottom) flattening of the rib cage. There may be cranial thoracic vertebral kyphosis (ventral deviation of the spine towards the ground) and dorsal deviation of the sternum,” International Cat Care says.
“Although most Oriental shorthairs live long and healthy lives, there are a number of disorders that seem to be associated with the Oriental family–those similar to the Siamese as they are closely related,” it provides.
The W gene liable for their white coat and blue eyes may cause issues with deafness in Turkish angora cats. “There are reports of kittens suffering from hereditary ataxia, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy has also been found,” International Cat Care notes.
TICA advises: “The Turkish Angora is a very active breed that requires high-quality calories to maintain their energy levels and overall health. Premium foods where the main ingredients are real meats without fillers are recommended.”
This intense breed desires to be “the center of your world,” TICA says. A typical Egyptian mau will “command your attention,” not permitting house owners to push it away, “as it craves the touch of the special person(s) that are his and his alone,” it provides.
CFA says: “Most Egyptian Maus have very distinct ideas about who can handle them and when. They are sensitive, people-oriented cats, but they like things on their terms and dote on their people.”
A pyruvate kinase deficiency has been recognized in Egyptian mau cats, in accordance to International Cat Care.