Passage of a invoice regulating vapes and heated tobacco merchandise (HTPs) is sort of sure within the House of Representatives with 154 lawmakers sponsoring the proposed measure that goals to ascertain a transparent and efficient law governing non-combustible options to cigarettes.
Rep. Sharon S. Garin, one of many 154 proponents of House Bill No. 9007, mentioned the proposed measure goals to manage the manufacture, use, sale, packaging, distribution, commercial and promotion of digital nicotine and non-nicotine supply techniques (ENNDS) and HTPs within the nation.
Rep. Alfredo A. Garbin Jr., a co-author of the invoice, famous that the precept tobacco hurt discount is mirrored within the declaration of coverage to underscore the necessity to regulate tobacco and nicotine-containing merchandise proportionate to the danger these merchandise have on the buyer.
“This measure is co-authored by 154 of our colleagues. Let me also inform the body that this bill was approved with an overwhelming 102 affirmative votes with only 12 negative votes and two abstentions after extensive discussions by the Joint Committees of Trade and Industry and Health,” Garin mentioned in her sponsorship speech.
“First, although the country is already experiencing a proliferation of sale and use of HTPs and vaping products among Filipino consumers, we do not have a clear and effective law and regulation, including product standards that should govern these products. Thus, through the passage of this bill, we fill this gap on regulation,” she mentioned.
Garin mentioned the invoice additionally goals to deal with the unintended or potential hostile penalties on the usage of these merchandise. “Thus, we have included in this bill, mechanisms on controlling safety risks and preventing youth uptake of all tobacco and nicotine products,” she mentioned.
“Finally, by recognizing the principle of harm reduction, we envision that this bill will contribute in the protection of public health, not only for the non-smokers but also for the current adult Filipino smokers,” she mentioned.
Covered by the measure are vapes with open tanks and closed techniques with pods and the one HTP within the Philippines at the moment IQOS from Philip Morris International. E-cigarettes heats liquid nicotine whereas IQOS heats actual tobacco to launch nicotine in vapor kind.
In his personal sponsorship speech, Garbin mentioned tobacco hurt discount is a precept supported by the Royal College of Physicians (RCP) within the United Kingdom. In 2007, the RCP reported that hurt discount is a basic part of many points of drugs and, certainly, on a regular basis life, but for some purpose efficient hurt discount ideas haven’t been utilized to tobacco smoking.
In 2016, the RCP launched a report which mentioned the general public well being alternatives of vaping (e-cigarettes) as a part of tobacco hurt discount.
“Although it is not possible to precisely quantify the long-term health risks associated with e-cigarettes, the available data suggest that they are unlikely to exceed 5 percent of those associated with smoked tobacco products, and may well be substantially lower than this figure,” the RCP mentioned.
Garbin mentioned that other than the UK, different international locations additionally embrace this view on nicotine and hurt discount. Former US Food and Drug Administration Commissioner (*154*). Scott Gottlieb introduced in one among his speeches that “nicotine is not directly responsible for the cancer, lung disease and heart disease that kill hundreds of thousands of Americans each year… it’s the other chemical compounds in tobacco, and in the smoke created by setting tobacco on fire, that directly and primarily cause the illness and death, not the nicotine.”
“The governments of Canada and New Zealand has now also recognized the potential benefit smokers can gain when switching to vaping. Their decision to adopt such policies is anchored on decades of research on the subject of nicotine, e-cigarettes, tobacco and harm reduction,” Garbin mentioned.
Garin mentioned that as of 2020, 75 international locations have already got legal guidelines regulating the sale of vaping merchandise. About 36 international locations have been banning these merchandise in 2020, down from 39 in 2018, with Norway the newest nation to reverse its coverage from a ban to regulation.
Garin assured that after listening to the considerations of public well being advocates, particularly on the difficulty of youth uptake, HB 9007 was designed to have provisions on minimal age and buy, tamper-resistant and little one resistant design; and proof of age verification.
It additionally has provisions on product communication restrictions, restrictions on vapor merchandise and HTP promotions and ban on sponsorships. Additional provisions have been made on public place use, requirements for designated vaping areas and big penalties for erring corporations.
The Senate can also be deliberating by itself model of the invoice.
Under present legal guidelines, the sale and use of vapor merchandise and HTPs are allowed within the Philippines, topic to excise taxes. These legal guidelines embrace Republic Act No. 11347, RA 11467 and Executive Order No. 106.
On December 1, 2020, the Philippines Food and Drug Administration issued Administrative Order No. 2020-0055 to implement these legal guidelines. The full enforcement of AO 2020-0055 is on May 24, 2022.
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